In an extraordinary rebuke to one of his own Curial cardinals, the Pope has aimed to “explain simply, and hopefully clearly… some errors” in his Worship chief’s understanding of Magnum Principium, his recent motu proprio on liturgical translations, indicating the new norms granting enhanced oversight to bishops’ conferences as a fresh development – and, most pointedly, declaring several key pieces of the operative rules in 2001’s Liturgiam authenticam “abrogated.”
A year since Francis’ last open clash with his top liturgical aide, a personal letter from the pontiff to the CDW prefect Cardinal Robert Sarah (above, ad orientem), dated 15 October, was published this morning by the Italian outlet La Nuova Bussola Quotidiana and subsequently confirmed by the Holy See Press Office, then placed on the Italian homepage of Vatican Radio. (Ironically enough, even as this Ordinary Sunday takes precedence, today marks the feast of St John Paul II, under whose authority LA was promulgated.)
Noting that a lengthy, widely-circulated commentary published under Sarah’s signature earlier this month stated that LA remains “the authoritative text concerning liturgical translations,” the Pope responded by relating that paragraphs 79-84 of the 2001 norms – those which deal precisely with the requirement for a vernacular rendering’s recognitio by Rome – were now abolished, going on to note that Magnum “no longer upholds that translations must conform on all points with the norms of Liturgiam authenticam, as was the case in the past.”
In the new balance of responsibility, Francis said, Sarah’s contention that “the words recognitio and confirmatio, without being strictly synonymous [to indicate the Vatican’s role], are nevertheless interchangeable” – in essence, that little had changed from LA – was not the case. As the pontiff explained, “the faculty” now belongs to the respective bishops’ conferences “to judge the goodness and coherence of terms in the translation of the original, albeit in dialogue with the Holy See”; in other words, not a unilateral call on Rome’s part, even at the process’ final stage.
Given considerable focus in the new norms’ wake on the use of the word “fideliter” – that is, a conference’s charge of weighing a translation’s fidelity to the original – in Magnum‘s revision of the Code of Canon Law, the pontiff writes that the term, as judged by an episcopal conference, implies a “triple” meaning: “first, to the original text; to the particular language in which it is translated, and finally to the understanding of the text by its audience.“
In light of LA‘s revision of the prior translation principles – i.e. prioritizing accuracy to the original Latin text over the immediate post-Vatican II “dynamic equivalence” approach that allowed a looser standard to ensure widespread comprehension – as Catholicism’s supreme legislator, the Pope’s reverted standard articulated here is of particular significance.
Does everyone know that that last formal course studies that this pope had in liturgy was in 1967 when he obtained his STB or equivalent at the Jesuit Colegio Maximo de San Jose in San Miguel, Argentina? He attempted studies in systematic theology in the 1980’s (his planned topic was to be on Romano Guardini) at the Sankt Georgen Jesuit Theologate in Frankfurt, but he failed to complete his studies and did not pass his comprehensive exams. Only recently have sources acknowledged that this pontiff did not get a Ph.D in theology, let alone liturgy.
By contrast, Card. Robert Sarah obtained his licentiate in theology at the Gregorian in Rome, and followed up with a licentiate in Sacred Scripture at the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum in…
The point being: If anyone should do the listening, it should be P. Francis to Card. Sarah, and P Francis might do well to listen to someone other than Walter Kasper and Reinhard Marx.
LOVE Romano Guardini’s excellent books! But he was a traditionalist, and the Pope rejects most all traditionalists! I am surprised that the Pope would have had an interest in Romano Guardini!
Very good posts, Anonymous! LOVE the books of Romano Guardini! And LOVE Cardinal Sarah!
Agree with YOU, Anonymous!
Makes no sense. The Pope is the Pope because he was elected to be Pope, not because he had the best resume. If resume’s were the criteria to become Pope, they’d all be Jesuits.
Thank you Pope Francis for correcting this rogue Cardinal! Cardinal Sarah seems to think that he was elected pope rather than Pope Francis. Cardinal Sarah would do well to remember who is his boss!
Actually William Robert Sarah’s and Bergoglio’s boss is Jesus Christ.
Obviously, you’ve never worked for somebody less qualified than yourself.
And Francis would do well to remember His!
Cardinal Sarah is not a rogue. He speaks only well of Pope Francis and all the other popes in his book. He is a humble and holy man. Try reading some of his books before you spout off. “God or Nothing” would be a good start.
God bless Cardinal Sarah, Emeritus Pope Benedict XVI and bless and guide Pope Francis. St. John Paul II pray for all. And God save us from those who are trying to destroy the Church.
YOU are so Right!
Nobody is claiming that the Cardinal is not a holy man. It’s just that he was wrong in his interpretation of the Pope’s motu proprio. The Cardinal does seem to have a penchant for telling the world they should do this or not do that, a role which is not come with his office, hence the well-earned criticisms that he sets himself up as a shadow pope.
Oh, we all know why you dislike him. He said that men should use men’s restrooms and women’s women’s, and a few other things that I am sure “pushed your button”.
I should take credit for this post. I regret having written it as I do not like to get his merry-go-round to nowhere, but the snide remark against Cardinal Sarah was uncalled for.
Wow! You are one confused lemming.
I remember ‘superstars’ in school who wound up working for those who barely scraped through. My understanding is the Pope has a huge amount of practical ‘street smarts’. After all, a large percent of the church lives with day to day issues of life, not the academic debates of the top floors of theological ivory towers.
Problem with street smarts is that they are highly localized, with a “wisdom” not necessarily transferable from place to place. The liturgy is the liturgy of the whole Church, not any one street.
And if you think Sarah grew up in an ivory tower, go read his biography. If you want to make it a contest, his family dealt with more grinding poverty than the Bergoglios ever faced.
Don’t slander one man defending another.
There have been saints and saintly popes from all different backgrounds — from very humble beginnings to wealthy backgrounds. It is not what one has but how one uses it.
By the way, Cardinal Sarah came from very humble beginnings himself, and there are those who cannot stand that. There is a lot of envy in the Church. Lord save us from that vice.
And as far as who will be the next pope, that is not for me to decide.
Yes. Jesus Christ is the Cardinal’s and the Pope’s boss- so to speak. But, the Poe is the Vicar of Christ..and Cardinal Sarah would do well to recognize this.
I do not want to make a god out of Cardinal Sarah as I am sure he is learning to be a better Christian day by day as the rest of us are, but some of the attacks on him are just ridiculous and done often out of an attempt to justify the person’s own sins.
Popes Francis and Paul VI have done a wonderful job of destroying Catholic Tradition, including the Mass of All Time. Cardinal Sarah seems a good and competent man, while Francis seems little more than a politician. We must honor and pray for the Pope always, but these prayers need to focus on asking God to reverse the damage down to the institutional Church.
Clearly Francis wants to placate the Germans, and all Zombie-Liberals in the Church. Could there be a worse group of people than the bishops to actually run things in their country?
I have been very fortunate to know some very holy priests. Not a single one of them had a PhD in theology or philosophy; but they knew of and shared the joy of – being a Christian.
Harold, the same here, but being a pope is a whole different ball game from being a parish priest. St. John Vianney had a hard time learning Latin but ended up being a very holy and effective parish priest, but it is very doubtful that he would have made an good pope. God needs all kinds. Just saying.
Regarding my last post, St. John Vianney forbade dancing in his parish as he felt it was leading to too much promiscuity and problems. There were and are some who dislike him because they felt he was too strict but his parish ended up far better for it. Just saying again.
“The new liturgy was simply not formed by saints, homines religiosi, and artistically gifted men, but has been worked out by so-called experts, who are not at all aware that in our time there is a lack of talent for such things. Today is a time of incredible talent for technology and medical research, but not for the organic shaping of the expression of the religious world. We live in a world without poetry, and this means that one should approach the treasures handed on from more fortunate times with twice as much reverence, and not with the illusion that we can do it better ourselves.” The Devastated Vineyard, DVH.
The issue here is the pope’s criticism of Card. Sarah regarding correct liturgical translation, a matter that had been mostly resolved with Liturgiam Authenticam—until the present pontiff decided, under whose guidance we don’t know—to set aside the Holy See’s primacy (requiring a recognitio) on new translations. There were outstanding reasons for requiring a recognitio.
One would have thought P Francis would have paid closer attention to Card. Sarah,given Sarah’s erudition in Sacred Scripture. The fact is, as others have pointed out, this pontiff is not scholarly in his training, especially in matters where scholarship and knowledge of the development of liturgical translation and the liturgy itself is warranted.
..know that some will say, “The Holy Spirit guides the pontiff.” Well and good, but didn’t the Holy Spirit guide the prior pontiff in crafting Liturgiam Authenticam, to protect accurate translation in the liturgy, which had been a serious problem under ICEL, since the 1970’s? So, now that’s on the dust heap.
T’would seem to suggest that a successor pope can treat P Francis’ curious pronouncements in the same manner.
The mystery of Christ is so unfathomably rich that it cannot be exhausted by its expression in any single liturgical tradition. The mystery celebrated in the liturgy is one, but the forms of its celebration are diverse.
Interesting! Many of the popes did not earn advanced academic degrees or hold doctorates. St. Peter, the first Pope, comes to mind. St Pope Pius X did not hold a doctorate. However, some popes have earned multiple doctorates, for example, in canon law, theology and philosophy. Regardless, more academic degrees does not necessarily make one a more holy person or an effective leader. I think Pope Francis has the skills, knowledge and temperament to serve the Church as Vicar of Christ.
I thought someone (Harold) would bring up St Pius X not having a doctorate: Here is the accurate background story:
Giuseppe Sarto (Pius X) was born into poverty, and was one of 9 children. However, the parish priest at Riese saw his quick intellect, and the Bp. Federico Zanelli (some spell: Zinelli) Treviso gave him a scholarship to the diocesan seminary, then at Padua. After Zanelli’s death in 1878, in 1880, due to his largely self-taught scholarship (he was known to dwell in the seminary library, surrounded by stacks of books on Aquinas and dogmatics), Sarto was quickly appointed to the Treviso seminary where he taught dogmatic theology. Sarto was an outstanding teacher and scholar for the 4 years he taught, his mind honed by…
..his lively exchanges with his students and his exacting scholarship.
Sarto was not fortunate enough to have been a member of a wealthy religious order (as Bergoglio was with the Jesuits) or a wealthy diocese that could afford to endow him for doctoral studies [as for example, Paul VI (Milan) or Pius XII (who came from a wealthy family and diocese (Rome)]. This, coupled with his immediately being tapped upon the death of Bp. Zanelli to be acting vicar of Treviso, then assigned to the seminary, did not permit any opportunity for him to obtain a Ph.D: he was immediately needed for pressing needs. Then, in 1884, he was appointed to be Bishop of Mantua.
So, to use Pius X’s situation does not compare at all to that of P…
Pope Francis was really quick to slap down an African Cardinal. In other areas in which there is confusion as to what the Church teaches, Pope Francis remains silent.
“Ski Ven” especially the issues raised in the dubia. In fact, Francis is much like Obama and the Clintons — ignore or attack bad news and simply carry on with your self-absorbed agenda. Francis will never confront particular moral issues because that makes one choose side (and he does not trust that he would win). He “corrects” C. Sarah because it reinforces who is boss at the Vatican. The Pope’s correction also highlights the importance that Francis holds concerning the liturgy and the devolution of power. He is a man after the heart of George Soros and all globalists. The Church is only a tool to accomplish these “larger” goals, goals which are also closely aligned with the Masonic movement. The fact that Sarah is African…
(Part Deux) ” , , , also raises the issue of racism, so evident among the German-centric Zombie-Liberals at the Vatican.
Francis wants to worship at the altar of Man. God’s commands are simply an insult to Mankind in that it questions his integrity and the moral value of his choices. Anything sexual is fine in that “I want that” is the love song of Francis. Notwithstanding the Pope’s minions, the stupid cardinals that voted for Francis chose to ignore, not follow, the whispers of the Holy Ghost at his election.
St Christopher: how do you know the Cardinal-electors who elected Pope Francis did not listen to the “whispers of the Holy Spirit”? Were too present in the Sistine Chapel? Did the Holy Spirit tell you as much?